Turkmenistan to start work on TAPI pipeline by year end

The Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (also known as Turkmenistan–Afghanistan–Pakistan–India Pipeline, TAP or TAPI) is a proposed natural gas pipeline being developed by the Asian Development Bank.[1][2][3][4] Expected to be completed around 2017, the pipeline will transport Caspian Sea natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan and then to India. The abbreviation comes from the first letters of those countries. Proponents of the project see it as a modern continuation of the Silk Road.[5][6] Originally the cost of the pipeline project was reportedly estimated at $7.6 billion, but a more recent estimate was $10 billion.[7] GAIL India may become a part of TAPI project.[8]Turkmenistan today announced that it will start work on construction of the long-delayed $10bn TAPI gas pipeline to Pakistan and India via Afghanistan in early December. The pipeline will open up a new export market for the Central Asian country which is becoming increasingly nervous about its energy sector’s over-dependence on China and Russia for sales.
The project was first mooted in the 1990s and has the support of both the US and the Asian Development Bank, but has been dogged by the problems of establishing a secure transport route across Afghanistan. The 1,735 km pipeline will have an annual capacity of 33 bn m³ which it will almost certainly pump from Turkmenistan’s mammoth Galkynysh field, the world’s second-largest reservoir. It is expected that the construction of the pipeline will take three years to build and that it will remain operational for a further 30.